Media professor Melissa Zimdars organizes misinformation into four distinct categories.
In addition, Clair Wardle writing in The Columbia Journalism Review reports that there are three more types of fake news:
Generally the "fake news" you will see "in the wild" is a mixture of these general categories. Be alert!
Wardle, C. (2016). 6 Types of Misinformation Circulated During This Election Season. Columbia Journalism Review. Retrieved from https://www.cjr.org/tow_center/6_types_election_fake_news.php.
Wardle, C. (February, 17, 2017). Fake news: it's complicated. First Draft. Firstdraftnews.org. https://firstdraftnews.org/latest/fake-news-complicated/
Zimdars, M. (2016) False, Misleading, Clickbait-y. amd Satirical News. https://d279m997dpfwgl.cloudfront.net/wp/2016/11/Resource-False-Misleading-Clickbait-y-and-Satirical-%E2%80%9CNews%E2%80%9D-Sources-1.pdf.