Information Disorder is a term created by researchers Claire Wardle and Hossein Derakhshan to describe related types of misleading information such as fake news, disinformation, misinformation, malinformation, and propaganda.
Listen to Claire Wardle discuss transforming the internet into a place of trust below.
There are many words used to define problematic information. This list includes definitions.
"What is fake news exactly? Fake news is just as it sounds: news that is misleading and not based on fact or, simply put, fake...fake news has the intention of disseminating false information, not for comedy, but for consumption."
Disinformation - Deliberately false information.
Echo Chambers - Situation in online spaces where like-minded persons only hear one viewpoint, opinion, or see the same information.
Filter Bubbles - Social media sites use algorithms (computer programs) to keep track of a person's preferences, resulting in a person only seeing content customized to their views.
Malinformation - Truthful information used to damage or damage by implication. An example might be leaks timed to damage.
Misinformation - Erroneous or incorrect information. Misinformation may not always be deliberate; it's just wrong or mistaken.
Propaganda - Information, ideas, or rumors deliberately spread widely to help or harm a person, group, movement, institution, nation etc.
Alvarez, B. (2016) "Public Libraries in the Age of Fake News." Public Libraries, 55 (6). Retrieved from http://publiclibrariesonline.org/2017/01/feature-public-libraries-in-the-age-of-fake-news/
Evaluating information. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://guides.library.jhu.edu/c.php?g=202581&p=1334961.
Source: Adapted from Huff, D. (1954). How to Lie With Statistics. New York: W.W. Norton & Company.
Fact-checking websites can help you investigate claims to help you determine whether what you hear or read is true. These resources can help you determine the legitimacy of a claim, but even fact-checking websites should be examined critically.
Did you know you have access to hundreds of magazines and newspapers through the library databases? Did you know you have access to the New York Times? Use the library's resources to access quality, credible news sources and more.