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Misinformation and More

Learn about misinformation, disinformation, malinformation, fake news, propaganda, and more.

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Thoroughly rethinking the critical relationship between democracy and the Internet, Sunstein describes how the online world creates "cybercascades," exploits "confirmation bias," and assists "polarization entrepreneurs."

Memes to Movements

Using social media-driven movements as her guide, technologist and digital media scholar An Xiao Mina unpacks the mechanics of memes and how they operate to reinforce, amplify, and shape today's politics.


Through the weaponization of social media, the internet is changing war and politics, just as war and politics are changing the internet.

Sharing Posts

This book examines the growth and influence of fake news in the United States and beyond.

Network Propaganda

Analyzing millions of news stories together with Twitter and Facebook shares, broadcast television and YouTube, the book provides a comprehensive overview of the architecture of contemporary American political communications.

War in 140 Characters

Here, journalist David Patrikarakos draws on unprecedented access to key players to provide a new narrative for modern warfare. He travels thousands of miles across continents to meet a de-radicalized female member of ISIS recruited via Skype, a liberal Russian in Siberia who takes a job manufacturing "Ukrainian" news, and many others to explore the way social media has transformed the way we fight, win, and consume wars-and what this means for the world going forward.

Messing with the Enemy

Watts examines a range of social media platforms--from the first Internet forums to the current titans of Facebook, Twitter and LinkedIn--and nefarious actors--from al Qaeda to the Islamic State to the Russian social media troll farm--to illuminate exactly how they use Western social media for their nefarious purposes.

Social Media--Use Care Before You Share

"About two-thirds of American adults (68%) say they at least occasionally get news on social media."

Source: Matsa K. & Shearer, E. (2018). News Use Across Social Media Platforms 2018. Pew Research Center. Retrieved from

Filter Bubbles

Filter bubbles are what result from social media sites "curating" your content for you using algorithms. Social media algorithms track your preferences and push items that they predict you will like. 

Echo Chambers

Situation in online spaces where like-minded persons only hear one viewpoint, opinion, or see the same information.

Here are accuracy guidelines adapted from a checklist created by John Hopkins Sheridan Library for use in evaluating social media accounts for credibility.

  • Location of the source - are they in the place they are tweeting or posting about?
  • Network - who is in their network and who follows them? Do I know this account?
  • Content - Can the information be corroborated from other sources?
  • Contextual updates - Do they usually post or tweet on this topic? If so, what did past or updated posts say? Do they fill in more details?
  • Age - What is the age of the account in question? Be wary of recently created accounts.
  • Reliability - Is the source of information reliable?

Source: Evaluating Social Media Evaluating Information. (2019). Retrieved from