Within the last 100 years or so, various organizations have chosen to honor outstanding books written for young people. Each award highlights the finest book within a particular category or which reflects a particular theme. Most are awarded annually.
The Orbis Pictus Award was established by the National Council of Teachers of English to promote and recognize excellence in the writing of nonfiction for children. Each year one title is recognized as the award winner, along with up to five honor books.
The award commemorates the work of Johannes Amos Comenius, whose book Orbis Pictus - The World in Pictures (1657) is considered to be the first nonfiction book written especially for children.